Herbs Logo

"Herbs have been used for thousands of years to help people create and sustain a healthy and vital life..."

Our beautiful herb garden has a fascinating array of culinary, medicinal, aromatic, and flowering plants. The garden and its tenants, the angora rabbits, are shaded and sustained by a small grove of edible bamboo. We use organic intensive methods in the cultivation cycle.


Herbs are for sale

In most cases we lift plants directly from the garden for ease of transplanting and optimum size. We will be glad to help with any cultivation questions or share information about preparation and use.

contact This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or (540) 894-5126

Visit the herb garden by appointment

Visit the herb garden by appointment

The garden is open by appointment March through October. Please call first to stop by and browse. We will be glad to help you with any herbal questions or problems that you might have. We offer for sale a wide variety of plants propagated directly from our working stock. Tours are welcome.

For information and to make an appointment for individuals or groups to tour the herb garden, contact This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or (540) 894-5126 12:30-3:00pm Tues - Fri.

Attend our spring Herb Day Gala

One event per year is currently offered. Here is the invitation for the current calendar year.

Herb Garden

Herb Day Gala ~ Tours & Tea in the Garden
Join Hildegard & Ira for a guided tour.

We would like to invite you to come learn about herbs at our

Tea & Tour: Saturday May 16, 2015
(If it rains hard, we will cancel.)

Join Hildegard and Ira for a Guided Tour of the Twin Oaks Herb Garden in Louisa, Virginia.

with Morning Tea (10 a.m. to noon)
or Afternoon Tea (1 p.m. to 3 p.m.)

Enjoy assorted sweet & savory herbal treats and teas. You'll receive recipes and have time to chat with our herbalists. Plants from the garden will be available for purchase.

For more information or to reserve your space, email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or voicemail: 540-903-1669.

Our Herb Specialists

Our Herb SpecialistsLotus in Herb Garden

Ira Wallace
Studied at New College Environmental Studies Institute, workshops at N. C. Botanical Gardens, and Ontario Herbalist Society at Dandelion Community, Certified Plants Person with the Ontario Board of Horticulturists.

Hildegard Ott
Organic gardener, writer, homesteader, specializing as herbal consultant. Maker of herbal products, salves, balms, tinctures, wreaths, etc.

For further information about the herbal workshops or herbs,
please call Hildegard at (540) 894-5126

or e-mail
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

You can register for the Herb Day by phone or email at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.. Let us know your name, address, and phone number. The fee is $10 per session, payable to Twin Oaks Community. Please reserve early.

Map of the Herb Garden

Herb Garden Map

Herbs List

Twin Oaks Community Herb Garden

Common & Latin Name




Medicago sativa


Tonic, nutritive, anti-inflamatory

Used for: vitamins, minerals and calcium


hardy perennial


Angelica archangelica


Used for: colds, coughs, pleurisy, colic, rheumatism, diseases of the urinary organs



Anise Hyssop

Agastache foeniculum


Used for: tea


perennial non spreading mint

Apothecary’s Rose

Rose gallica officinalis


Used for: tea, edible flower


Arnica, American

Arnica chamissonis


Used for: bruises, burns, inflamations

Can blister the skin



Artemisia, Old Woman

Artemisia stellerana


Used for: dried wreath making


spreading perennial

Artemisia, Silver King

Artemisia ludoviciana


Used for: dried wreath making


spreading perennial

Artemisia, Sweet Annie

Artemisia Annua


Used for: tonic summer tea, tonic to the liver during heat & humidity


hardy annual

Aster, New England

Aster novae angliae


Can be dried for smudging

Used for: fever, pain



Balm of Gilead

Populus balsamifera


Stimulant and diuretic

Buds are covered with a resinous material that is a good preservative for other ointments

Used for: rheumatism, chest, stomach, and kidney problems, bruises, swellings, skin problems



Bamboo, Bent Knee (or Golden Groove)

Phyllostachys aureosulcata


Used for: edible shoots, usable canes, hot weather tea from leaves


spreading perennial

Bamboo, Black

Phyllostachys nigra


Used for: black ornamental canes, edible shoots, hot weather tea from leaves



Bamboo, Flute

Phyllostachys rubra marginata


Used for: making flutes, edible shoots, hot weather tea from leaves



Bamboo, Golden

Phyllostachys aurea


Used for: decorative walking sticks, edible shoots, hot weather tea from leaves



Basil, Sweet

Ocymum basilium


Used for: mild nervous headaches, rheumatic pains, vomiting, nausea, warts



Bee Balm, Purple


Monarda didyma


Used for: tea, edible flowers

Historical note: Boston settlers used this plant for tea after dumping Brittish tea in a tax resisting action.


spreading perennial

Bee Balm, Red (bergamot)

Monarda didyma


See above




Sanguinaria candensis


Expectorant, emmenagogue

Used for: asthma, bronchitis, croup, nervous irritation, lowering high pulse, heart palpitation, ringworm, dysentery, fungoid growths, eczema

In toxic doses, it causes burning in the stomach, intense thirst, vomiting, faintness, vertigo


woodland perennial




Stimulant, laxative

Used for: muscular rheumatism, colds, fever, flu, dyspepsia, tapeworm




Buxus sempervirens



Used for: ornamental wreaths, creating hedging in gardens



Bugle, Common

Ajuga reptans


Astringent and mildly-analgesic

used for: wounds, cleansing the liver, hemorrhage, cough, hangover


low growing spreading perennial

Calendula (Pot Marigold)

Calendula Officinalis


Used for: first-aid skin lotions and ointments


hardy annual

Cardinal Flower (Giant Lobelia)

lobelia siphilitica


Used for: sedative, coughs



Catnip (Catnep, Catmint)

Nepeta cataria


Used for: cat intoxication, human colds and fevers, inducing sleep, restlessness, colic



Celandine, Greater

Chelidonium majus


Used for: warts, corns, stomach pains, inflammation of the bilary duct, jaundice, eczema, obstructions of the liver and gallbladder, warts, ringworm, corns



Chamomile, German

Matricaria recutita


See below


hardy annual

Chamomile, Roman

Chamaemelum nobile


Used for: relaxation, skin wash, fevers, nightmares, indigestion, colic, heartburn, loss of appetite, gout, headache


spreading perennial


Agnus castus


Used for: hormonal balancing, regulating menstrual bleeding or too frequent menstruation, paralysis, pains in the limbs


small tree


Anthriscus Cereifolium


Used for: food



Chives, Garlic

Allium Tuberosum


Used for: food


perennial, self sows

Chives, Onion

Allium Schoenoprasum


Used for: food


perennial, self sows


Coriandrum Sativum


Used for: food


annual, likes cool weather

Clove Pink (Carnation)

Dianthus caryophyllus


Used for: flavoring ales and wines, scenting potpourri



Clover, Red

Trifolium pratense


alterative and antispasmodic

Used for: tonic, blood purifying, cancer, bronchial troubles, whooping cough, gastric troubles, ulcers, calcium


short lived perennial


Tussilago Farfara


Used for: coughs, colds, hoarseness, bronchitis, asthma


spreading perennial


Symphytum officinale


Contains allantoin, a hormone-like substance that stimulates cell division

Used for: wounds, ulcers, broken bones

Pyrrolizidine alkaloids found in comfrey leaves and roots have reportedly caused liver damage when eaten over a long period of time. External use is safe.


perennial, grows from root pieces- beware


Tanacetum balsamita


Used for: food, fixative for potpourri


spreading perennial

Currant, Black

Ribes nigrum


Used for: sore throat, fever



Currant, Clove

Ribes odonatum


See above



Dame’s Rocket (Sweet Rocket)

Hesperis matronalis


Used for: edible flowers


short lived perennial, self sows

Day Lily



Used for: salads


clumping perennial


Anethum graveolens


stimulant, carminative

Used for: food, flatulence


annual, self sows


Echinacea augustifolia


Antiseptic, alterative

Used for: increasing resistance to infection, cancer, syphilis, hemorrhoids, fever




Echinacea purpurea


See above




Sambucus canadensis


Used for: fevers, colds, skin




Inula helenium


Diuretic, tonic, diaphoretic, expectorant, alterative, antiseptic, astringent and gently stimulant

Used for: coughing, bronchitis, asthma, stimulating digestion, toning the stomach, skin problems, pulmonary disease, healing sheep and horses


perennial 5’


Eucalyptus neglecta


Stimulant, antiseptic, aromatic

Used for: sore throat, tuberculosis, bronchitis, croup, parasitic skin infections, deodorizing the air

In large doses, it irritates the kidneys



Eucalyptus, Babyblue

Eucalyptus archerii


See above




Foeniculum vulgare dulce


Used for: improving digestibility of oily foods, calming infants, chronic coughs, flatulence



Fennel, Bronze

Foeniculum vulgare dulce rubrum


See above




Foenum Graecum Trigonella


Used for: fevers, stomach upset, diabetes, abscesses, boils, carbuncles, gout





Chrysanthemum parthenium


Aperient, carminative, bitter, emmenagogue

Used for: migraines, arthritis, reducing tension, coughs, insect bites




Digitalis Purpurea


Source of digitalis, which stimulates and regulates the heart

Too powerful to use without medicial supervision.




Allium Sativum



Used for: high blood pressure, repelling insects



Garlic, Elephant

Allium ampeloprasum var ampeloprasum


See above



Geranium, Apple

Pelargonium Odoratissimum


Used for:



Germander, Wall

Teucrium Chamaedrys


Stimulant, tonic, diaphoretic, diuretic

Used for: upset stomach, promoting appetite, gout, fevers, uterine obstructions, coughs, headache



Goldenrod, Sweet

Solidago odora


Used for: stomach and bowel complaints




Hydrastis Canadensis


Used for: sore gums, gastritis, nasal congestion, digestion, sore eyes, yellow dye, hemorrhoids, liver troubles, constipation, vomiting




Ribes Grossularia


Used for: inflammations, spring tonics




Aegopodium podograria


Sedative, diuretic and anti-inflammatory properties

Used for: gout, sciatica, arthritis, rheumatism, inflamation


spreading perennial


Vitis vinifera


Used for: food



Heartsease ( Viola, Johnny Jump Up)

Viola tricolor


Used for: dropsy, respiratory catarrh and skin eruptions, epilepsy, asthma, heart disease, love potion


hardy annual

Hen & Chicks (Houseleek)

Sempervium tectorum


Used for: burns and various skin diseases, earache




Humulus lupulus


Used for: flavoring for beer, calming tension, insomnia, improving the appetite and digestion


strong growing vine

Horehound, Black

Marrubium vulgare


antispasmodic and expectorant

Used for: nausea, vomiting, motion sickness, morning sickness, stimulating the uterus



Horse Tail

Equisetum arvense


Contains silicic compounds which promote the coagulation of blood

Used for: bleeding ulcers, excessive menstrual flow, mouth and gum inflammations, kidney and bladder infections, hemorrhage, swollen eyelids


spreading perennial


Cochlearia armoracia


Used for: digestion, rheumatism, promoting perspiration, cough, worms




perennial, grows from root pieces


Hyssopus officinalis


Used for: weak stomach, muscular rheumatism, bruises, cuts, pulmonary disease





Hedera helix


Used for: dysentery, jaundice, sunburn


spreading perennial

Ivy, Ground

Glechoma hederacea


Used for: kidney diseases, indigestion, coughs, nervous headaches, bruises, black eyes, sore and weak eyes


spreading perennial

Japanese Ginger

Zingiber mioga


Used for: food


spreading perennial

Lady’s Bedstraw

Galium verum


Used for: urinary diseases, red dye


mat forming perennial 1’

Lady’s Mantle, Alpine

Alchemilla alpina


See below


perennial 1’

Lady’s Mantle, Regular

Alchemilla mollis



Used for: wounds, menstrual disorders, stimulating appetite, rheumatism, stomach ailments, muscle disorders


perennial 1’

Lambs Ears, Wooly

Stachys byzantina


Used for: bandaging wounds, wreath making


spreading perennial 2’


Lavandula angustifolia


Used for: dried sachets, scented soaps, perfume, potpourri, faintness, spasms, colic, flatulence, fatigue, toothache, neuralgia, sprains, rheumatism


perennial 2’

Lemon Balm

Melissa officinalis


Used for: tea, heart stimulant, calming nerves, melancholy


mildly spreading perennial 2’


Glycyrrhiza glabra


Used for: throat, lungs, balancing other herbs in perscriptions




Vaccinium vitus-idaea


Used for:


spreading perennial 1’


Syringa vulgaris


Used for:


shrub 4’-6’

Lobelia, Blue (Indian Tobacco)

Lobelia inflata


Used for: bronchitis, epilepsy, tonsillitis, sprains, bruises, skin diseases, expectorant, nauseant, sedative, asthma, whooping cough, stimulant in small doses, nerve depressant in larger doses

Excessive doses can cause severe depression.


perennial 2’

Lotus, Sacred

Nelumbo nucifera


Used for: food and medicine,


water plant 4’-6’


Levisticum officinale


Used for: stomach disorders, fevers colic, flatulence, emmenagogue


perennial 3’


Pulmoniaria officinalis



used for: coughs, bronchitis, excess mucus, hemorrhoids, diarrhea, inflammation


woodland perennial 1’

Madder, Rose

Rubia tinctorium


Used for: nosebleeds, hemorrhages, blood disorders, reducing fever, source of red dye


spreading perennial 3’

Marjoram, Sweet

Origanum majorana


Used for: sprains, bruises, emmenagogue, sneezing powder


tender perennial 1’


Althaea officinalis


Used for: irritations & inflammations of the skin, throat, eyes, lungs and urinary organs


peennial 3’


Fillidendula ulmaria



Contains salicylic acid, chemically similar to aspirin

Used for: flu, gout, rheumatism, arthritis, fever



Mint, Fairy

Pycnathemum nuticum


Used for:


spreading perennial 2’

Mint, Mountain

Pycnathemum pilosum


Used for:


spreading perennial 3’

Mint, Peppermint

Mentha piperita


anti-spasmodic, stimulant, stomachic and carminative

Used for: alternative to coffee or caffeinated tea, stomach indigestion, stomach cramps, flatulence, colic, diarrhea, nausea, flavoring other medicines

don’t drink while pregnant


spreading perennial 2’

Mint, Spearmint

Mentha viridis



Similar to peppermint, but not as strong


spreading perennial 2’




Used for: dried arrangements


biennial 2’


Leonurus cardiaca


Used for: PMS, menstrual pain, delayed menstruation, sedative, calming the nervous system, strengthening the heart, circulation


perennial, self sows 3’


Verbascum thapsus


emulcent, emollient, astringent

Used for: bleeding of the lungs and bowels, sedative, cough, mucus membrane irritation, hemorrhoids, diarrhea


biennial 5’


Tropaeolum majus


Used for: promotes appetite


annual 1’

Nettle, Dead (Purple Archangel)

Lamium purpureum


Used for: stopping hemorrhages, inducing sweating in order to combat chills


winter weed, perennial

Nettle, Stinging

Urtica dioica


Astringent, stimulant

Used for: bronchial and asthmatic problems, poison and venomous bites, hair growth


spreading perennial, stings


Origanum vulgare hirtum


Used for: food, colds


perennial 2’


Iris germanica var. Florentina


Used for: perfume and potpourri


perennial 2’


Crispum petroselinum


Used for: stomach upset, bad breath



Passion Flower

Passiflora incarnata


Used for: reducing arterial pressure, epilepsy, diarrhea, dysentery, sleeplessness


vine, perennial, can be invasive


Mentha Pulegium


Used for: headache, repelling insects, fainting, stomach upset, spasms


low creeper, perennial


Primula Vulgaris


Antispasmodic, vermifuge, emetic, astringent Used for: muscular rheumatism, paralysis, gout, sedative, headaches


perennial, 1’, yellow blooms in spring

Prunella (Self Heal)

Prunella Vulgaris


Astringent and antiseptic

Used for: first aid on fresh wounds, sore throats, bleeding gums, hemorrhoids, heavy menstruation


perennial, self sows,

Pussy Willow

Salix caprea


Contains salicylic acid, chemically similar to aspirin

Used for: sore throat, heartburn, stomach problems, food poisoning, arthritic pain, corns



Rose Hip Rose

Rosa rugosa


Used for: souce of vitamin C



Rosemary "ARP"

Rosmarinus officinalis


astringent, diaphoretic, stimulant

Used for: headache, hair-lotions, preventing premature baldness, dandruff, stimulating the kidneys, circulation, colic, colds, antispasmodic, asthma


perennial, needs winter protection


Ruta graveolens


Used for: headache, repelling insects, coughs, croupy affections, colic, flatulence, nightmares


perennial 3’


Salvia officinalis


Used for: dyspepsia, sore throat, bleeding gums


perennial 3’

Sorrel, Sheep

Rumex acetosella


Used for: fevers, inflammation, diarrhea, excessive menstruation, cancer, urinary and kidney diseases


low creeping perennial


Artemisia abrotanum




Used for: emmenagogue, worms


perennial 3’

Speedwell, Garden

Veronica longifolia


Used for:


perennial 2’

Speedwell, Silver

Veronica incana


Used for:



St. John’s Wort

Hypericum perforatum


Used for: insomnia, depression, bedwetting, bladder troubles, painful joints, strained muscles, hemorrhages, jaundice


short lived perennial 3’

Sweet Cicely

Myrrhis odorata



Used for: coughs, flatulence, gentle stomachs stimulant, snake and dog bites,


3’ perennial

Sweet William

Dianthus barbatus


Used for: edible flowers


2’ biennial

Tansy, Curled (Crisp)

Tanacetum vulgare var. Crispum


See below


perennial 3’ on runners

Tansy, Plain

Tanacetum vulgare


Used for: repelling ants and cockroaches



Tarragon, French

Artemisia dracunculus Sativa



Used for: food


2’ perennial

Thyme, Garden

Thymus vulgaris


Anti-bacterial, anti- fungal

Used for: colds


1’ perennial

Thyme, Lemon

Thymus x citriodorus


See above



Thyme, Mother of

Thymus serpyllum


See above


short crawling perennial

Thyme, Mother of (Red)

Thymus Serpyllum var. Coccineus


See above



Thyme, Oregano

Thymus sp.


See above



Thyme, Pennsylvania Dutch Tea



See above




Nicotiana rustica


Used for: bee stings, smoking, insectiside


annual, 3’


Valeriana officinalis


Used for: sedative


3’ perennial

Violet, Sweet

Viola odorata


Used for: tea, edible flowers, cold sores, vitamin C


1’ self sowing perennial

Winter Savory

Satureja montana



Used for: colds


2’ perennial

Witch Hazel

Hamamelis virginiana


Astringent with hemostatic properties

Used for: hemorrhoids, varicose veins


small tree


Lycium Barbarum


See below



Wolfberry, Chinese (Matrimony Vine, Gou-gi-zi)

Lycium Chinense

But Richters says Lycium barbarum


Used for: strengthening muscles and bone, restoring liver function, improving vision, increasing white blood cell counts, stimulating tissue development



Wood Betony

Stachys officinalis


Used for: substitute for black tea, headache, tonic


2’ perennial

Woodruff, Sweet

Galium odoratum


Used for: vanilla scented May wine, migrane, nervous conditions


1’ creeping perennial that is shade tolerant


Artemisia powis castle


Used for: absinthe and other liquors, vermifuge for worms


3’ perennial


Achillea millefolium


Used for: cuts, cleansing skin, digestion, circulation, building natural resistance to colds, helping the functions of the liver, gall bladder, and kidneys, stop bleeding


3’ perennial

Herb Garden Photos

Here's a small selection of photos from the Herb Garden and one of our annual herb day events.